PigmentationEvery woman desires flawless clear skin and perfect complexion. But factors such as free radicals, hormonal changes and sun exposure can damage your skin leading to patchy pigmentation and dark spots, making you look older. Pigmentation is basically the presence of dark (hyperpigmentation) or light (hypopigmentation) patches on the skin. It is a commonly observed concern. It is not life-threatening, but it can definitely give sleepless nights to those who desire a clear and even skin tone.
So, if your lifestyle demands being out in the sun or field work, then you're disposing yourself to gradual and persistent pigmentation and ageing. Your skin might start looking dull and prematurely aged. You will be surprised to know that even indoor lighting emits UV rays. Hence make sure that you use sunscreen always whether indoors or outdoors to protect your skin. You must also note that pigmentation not only affects face but can be found in other body areas like neck, arms, back etc.
The Types Of Pigmentation That Can Occur On The Face:
- 1. Freckles: these are purely sun induced. Freckles are more common in pale skin types with blue eyes and red hair.
- 2. Solar Lentigos: these again are predominantly caused by the sun. Common on the more prominent areas of the face that get more sun, e.g. the cheek areas. Also occur on the back of the hands.
- 3. Melasma / Chloasma: this is the pigmentation that is both hormonal and sun induced. It is the type that occurs in a blotchy, more diffuse manner with accentuation across the cheek bones and forehead. It also can occur above the lip area. As hormones are a causative factor, many women find exacerbation of this sort of pigmentation both in pregnancy and with the oral contraceptive pill. Stubborn and tricky to treat it usually requires several different types of treatment to lighten it. Ongoing maintenance therapy is also important, especially sun protection as it has a high risk of returning.
- 4. Post-inflammatory pigment: this is pigment that occurs as a result of inflammation in the skin (such as after acne, trauma or even some beauty treatments like laser and micro dermabrasion). It is more common in darker skin types who tend to have more active pigment producing cells.
Dark circles: under the eyes give the impression of tiredness all the time.
- Under eye darkness can be a combination of different factors such as:
- Thinner skin on the lower eyelids, allowing pigment and vessels to be more visible.
- Gravity, which causes under eye skin to move downward, inviting more stretching and thinning. This allows the blood vessels and pigment to become more visible.
- Cumulative sun damage plays a significant role. Sun damage exacerbates these characteristics by increasing skin thinning and melanin content.
- Inflammation, atopic dermatitis.
- Hereditary origins.
- Due to stress or even eye strain.
Using the combination peels along with vitamin C serum helps to reduce dark circles in 8-10 sessions done at 2 weekly intervals.
The peel is very safe and is an office procedure. There are no tell-tale signs and the person can go back to work immediately after the peel
Treatment for pigmentation:Pigmentation treatment under my guidance begins with a detailed consultation about skin care practices, genetics, pregnancy and contraception, past treatments, etc. Blood tests and skin tests may be advised.
Treating pigmentation is often very challenging. Relevant skin care, medications and advanced treatments in the form of chemical peels, Q switch nd yag laser and mesotherapy are almost always required to lighten the pigment faster and provide lasting results.
Improvement or healing can be expected in most cases within 8 weeks.
Any cosmetic treatment needs timely maintainance and effective sunprotection.