Invest On Your Hair It Is The Crown You Never Take OffIt is normal to shed some hair each day as part of this cycle. However, some people may experience excessive (more than normal) hair loss. Hair loss of this type can affect men, women and children.
Alopecia or loss of hair is a common complaint in men and women alike. Most common cause of diffuse alopecia is telogen effluvium, which is the loss of telogen hair that occurs 2-4 months after an acute systemic stressful episode For example, about 3 or 4 months after an illness or a major surgery, you may suddenly lose a large amount of hair. This hair loss is related to the stress of the illness and is temporary.
Hormonal problems may cause hair loss. If your thyroid gland is overactive or under active, your hair may shed. Treating the thyroid disease can help this hair loss. Hair loss may occur if male or female hormones, known as androgens and estrogens, are out of balance. Many women notice hair loss about 3 months after delivery. After 3-4 months of shedding the normal cycle of growth is restored.
Medicines that can cause hair loss include blood thinners (also called anticoagulants), medicines used for gout, medicines used for chemotherapy to treat cancer, vitamin A (if too much is taken), birth control pills and antidepressants.
Certain infections can cause hair loss. Fungal infections of the scalp can cause hair loss in children. The infection is easily treated with antifungal medication. Finally, hair loss may occur as part of an underlying disease, such as lupus or diabetes. Since hair loss may be an early sign of a disease, it is important to find the cause so that it can be treated.
Can improper care of my hair cause hair loss?Yes, breakage of hair can occur due to excessive handling of the hair with hair styling devices and can lead to dry and brittle hair that then breaks easily. If you wear pigtails or cornrows or use tight hair rollers, the pull on your hair can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. If the pulling is stopped before scarring of the scalp develops, your hair will grow back normally. However, scarring can cause permanent hair loss. Hot oil hair treatments or chemicals used in permanent hair treatments (also called "perms") may cause inflammation of the hair follicle, which can result in scarring and hair loss.
What is the role of diet in hair loss?Diets low in essential nutrients like iron, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12, vitamin D3, calcium etc. can be a cause of hair loss. These nutrients play a role in the hair growth cycle so their deficiencies can cause clinical hair loss. Vegetarian diets usually have low amounts of these nutrients.
What is androgenetic alopecia?Androgenetic alopecia or common baldness or patterned hair loss can affect both males and females. Male-pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss in men. Men who have this type of hair loss usually have inherited the trait. Men who start losing their hair at an early age tend to develop more extensive and rapid baldness. In male-pattern baldness, hair loss typically results in a receding hair line and baldness on the top of the head. There are seven grades of male pattern baldness:
- grade I - prepubertal smooth outline of the frontal scalp
- grade II - inverted V shaped frontal recession
- grade III - recessioin of bitemporal hairline
- grade IV- deep frontotemporal recession with some vertical thinning
- grade V- further fronto termporal thinning with marked vertical thinning
- grade VI- further progression with tendency towards confluence
- grade VII- enlargement of both bald areas being separated by only a band of sparse hair.
- Diffuse central thinning
- frontal accentuation
- frontotemporal recession of hairline
Is there any treatment for androgenetic alopecia?Depending on your type of hair loss, treatments are available. For men mild to moderate hair loss particularly involving the frontal area topical minoxidil 5%- 10% can be used. For prominent frontal recession oral finasteride (1mg per day) is presently the drug of choice, For men with severe grades of alopecia surgical options like single follicle implantation, scalp reduction, rotation flaps, punch grafting etc are available.
For women minoxidil 2% lotion and oral finasteride (2.5- 5mg per day) are available depending on the severity of hair loss.
Treatment options available for hair fall:
- medicines depening upon condition
- PRP therapy
- Hair transplantation